Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro GOIH ComM (European Portuguese: ; born 5 February 1985) is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a forward for Serie A club Juventus and captains the Portugal national team. Often considered the best player in the world and widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time,[note 3] Ronaldo has won five Ballons d’Or[note 4] and four European Golden Shoes, both of which are records for a European player. He has won 29 trophies in his career, including six league titles, five UEFA Champions Leagues, one UEFA European Championship, and one UEFA Nations League. A prolific goalscorer, Ronaldo holds the records for the most goals scored in the UEFA Champions League (128) and the joint-most goals scored in the UEFA European Championship (9). He has scored over 700 senior career goals for club and country.
Born and raised in Madeira, Ronaldo began his senior club career playing for Sporting CP, before signing with Manchester United in 2003, aged 18. After winning the FA Cup in his first season, he helped United win three successive Premier League titles, the UEFA Champions League, and the FIFA Club World Cup; at age 23, he won his first Ballon d’Or. In 2009, Ronaldo was the subject of the then-most expensive association football transfer when signed for Real Madrid in a transfer worth 94 million (80 million). There, Ronaldo won 15 trophies, including two La Liga titles, two Copas del Rey, and four UEFA Champions League titles, and became the club’s all-time top goalscorer. After joining Madrid, Ronaldo finished runner-up for the Ballon d’Or three times, behind Lionel Messihis perceived career rivalbefore winning back-to-back Ballons d’Or from 2013–2014 and again from 2016–2017. After winning a third consecutive Champions League title in 2018, Ronaldo became the first player to win the trophy five times. In 2018, he signed for Juventus in a transfer worth an initial 100 million (88 million), the highest ever paid by an Italian club and the highest ever paid for a player over 30 years old. With the Italian outfit, he has won one Serie A and one Supercoppa Italiana.
A Portuguese international, Ronaldo was named the best Portuguese player of all time by the Portuguese Football Federation in 2015. He made his senior debut in 2003 at age 18, and has since earned over 160 caps, including appearing and scoring in ten major tournaments, becoming Portugal’s most capped player and his country’s all-time top goalscorer. He scored his first international goal at Euro 2004 and helped Portugal reach the final of the competition. He assumed full captaincy in July 2008, leading Portugal to their first-ever triumph in a major tournament by winning Euro 2016, and received the Silver Boot as the second-highest goalscorer of the tournament. He became the highest European international goalscorer of all-time in 2018.
One of the most marketable athletes in the world, Ronaldo was ranked the world’s highest-paid athlete by Forbes in 2016 and 2017 and as the world’s most famous athlete by ESPN from 2016 to 2019. Time included him on their list of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2014. As of September 2019, Ronaldo is also the most followed user on Instagram.
Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro was born in So Pedro, Funchal, on the Portuguese island of Madeira, and grew up in Santo Antnio, Funchal. He is the fourth and youngest child of Maria Dolores Spinola dos Santos da Aveiro (b. 1954), a cook, and Jos Dinis Aveiro (1953-2005), a municipal gardener and a part-time kit man. His great-grandmother on his father’s side, Isabel da Piedade, was from the island of So Vicente, Cape Verde. He has one older brother, Hugo (b. 1975), and two older sisters, Elma (b. 1973) and Liliana Ctia “Katia” (b. 1977), who is a singer. Ronaldo grew up in a Catholic and impoverished home, sharing a room with all his siblings.
As a child, Ronaldo played for amateur team Andorinha from 1992 to 1995, where his father was the kit man, and later spent two years with Nacional. In 1997, aged 12, he went on a three-day trial with Sporting CP, who signed him for a fee of 1,500. He subsequently moved from Madeira to Alcochete, near Lisbon, to join Sporting’s other youth players at the club’s football academy. By age 14, Ronaldo believed he had the ability to play semi-professionally, and agreed with his mother to cease his education in order to focus entirely on football. While popular with other students at school, he had been expelled after throwing a chair at his teacher, who he said had “disrespected” him. However, one year later, he was diagnosed with a racing heart, a condition that could have forced him to give up playing football. Ronaldo underwent heart surgery where a laser was used to cauterise multiple cardiac pathways into one, altering his resting heart rate. He was discharged from the hospital hours after the procedure and resumed training a few days later.
At age 16, Ronaldo was promoted from Sporting’s youth team by first-team manager Lszl Blni, who was impressed with his dribbling. He subsequently became the first player to play for the club’s under-16, under-17 and under-18 teams, the B team, and the first team, all within a single season. A year later, on 7 October 2002, Ronaldo made his debut in the Primeira Liga, against Moreirense, and scored two goals in their 3-0 win. Over the course of the 2002-03 season, his representatives suggested the player to Liverpool manager Grard Houllier and Barcelona president Joan Laporta. Manager Arsne Wenger, who was interested in signing the winger, met with him at Arsenal‘s grounds in November to discuss a possible transfer.
Manchester United manager Alex Ferguson, however, determined to acquire Ronaldo on a permanent move urgently, after Sporting defeated United 3-1 at the inauguration of the Estdio Jos Alvalade in August 2003. Initially, United had just planned to sign Ronaldo and then loan him back to Sporting for a year. Having been impressed by him, however, the Manchester United players urged Ferguson to sign him. After the game, Ferguson agreed to pay Sporting 12.24 million for what he considered to be “one of the most exciting young players” he had ever seen. A decade after his departure from the club, in April 2013, Sporting honoured Ronaldo by selecting him to become their 100,000th member.
2003-07: Development and breakthrough
Ronaldo became Manchester United’s first-ever Portuguese player when he signed before the 2003-04 season. His transfer fee of 12.24 million made him, at the time, the most expensive teenager in English football history. Although he requested the number 28, his number at Sporting, he received the number 7 shirt, which had previously been worn by such United players as George Best, Eric Cantona and David Beckham. Wearing the number 7 became an extra source of motivation for Ronaldo. A key element in his development during his time in England proved to be his manager, Alex Ferguson, of whom he later said, “He’s been my father in sport, one of the most important and influential factors in my career.”
Ronaldo made his debut in the Premier League in a 4-0 home victory over Bolton Wanderers on 16 August 2003, receiving a standing ovation when he came on as a 60th-minute substitute for Nicky Butt. His performance earned praise from George Best, who hailed it as “undoubtedly the most exciting debut” he had ever seen. Ronaldo scored his first goal for Manchester United with a free-kick in a 3-0 win over Portsmouth on 1 November. Three other league goals followed in the second half of the campaign, the last of which came against Aston Villa on the final day of the season, a match in which he also received his first red card. Ronaldo ended his first season in English football by scoring the opening goal in United’s 3-0 victory over Millwall in the FA Cup final, earning his first trophy.
At the start of 2005, Ronaldo played two of his best matches of the 2004-05 season, producing a goal and an assist against Aston Villa and scoring twice against rivals Arsenal. He played the full 120 minutes of the decisive match against Arsenal in the FA Cup final, which ended in a goalless draw, and scored his attempt in the lost penalty shootout. He scored Manchester United’s 1000th Premier League goal on 29 October, their only strike in a 4-1 loss to Middlesbrough. Midway through the season, in November, he signed a new contract which extended his previous deal by two years to 2010. Ronaldo won his second trophy in English football, the Football League Cup, after scoring the third goal in United’s 4-0 final victory over Wigan Athletic.
During his third season in England, Ronaldo was involved in several incidents. He had a one-match ban imposed on him by UEFA for a “one-fingered gesture” towards Benfica fans, and was sent off in the Manchester derbya 3-1 defeatfor kicking Manchester City‘s former United player Andy Cole. Ronaldo clashed with a teammate, striker Ruud van Nistelrooy, who took offence at the winger’s showboating style of play. Following the 2006 FIFA World Cup, in which he was involved in an incident where club teammate Wayne Rooney was sent off, Ronaldo publicly asked for a transfer, lamenting the lack of support he felt he had received from the club over the incident. United, however, denied the possibility of him leaving the club.
Although his World Cup altercation with Rooney resulted in Ronaldo being booed throughout the 2006-07 season, it proved to be his breakout year, as he broke the 20-goal barrier for the first time and won his first Premier League title. An important factor in this success was his one-to-one training by first-team coach Ren Meulensteen, who taught him to make himself more unpredictable, improve his teamwork, call for the ball, and capitalise on goalscoring opportunities rather than waiting for the chance to score the aesthetically pleasing goals for which he was already known. He scored three consecutive braces at the end of December, against Aston Villaa victory which put United on top of the leagueWigan Athletic, and Reading. Ronaldo was named the Premier League Player of the Month in November and December, becoming only the third player to receive consecutive honours.
2007-08: Collective and individual success
At the quarter-final stage of the 2006-07 UEFA Champions League, Ronaldo scored his first-ever goals in his 30th match in the competition, finding the net twice in a 7-1 victory over Roma. He subsequently scored four minutes into the first semi-final leg against Milan, which ended in a 3-2 win, but was marked out of the second leg as United lost 3-0 at the San Siro. He also helped United reach the FA Cup final, but the decisive match against Chelsea ended in a 1-0 defeat. Ronaldo scored the only goal in the Manchester derby on 5 May 2007his 50th goal for the clubas Manchester United claimed their first Premier League title in four years. As a result of his performances, he amassed a host of personal awards for the season. He won the Professional Footballers’ Association‘s Player’s Player, Fans’ Player, and Young Player of the Year awards, as well as the Football Writers’ Association‘s Footballer of the Year award, becoming the first player to win all four main PFA and FWA honours. His club wages were concurrently upgraded to 120,000 a week (31 million total) as part of a five-year contract extension with United. At the end of 2007, Ronaldo was named runner-up to Kak for the Ballon d’Or, and came third, behind Kak and Lionel Messi, in the running for the FIFA World Player of the Year award.
Ronaldo scored his first and only hat-trick for Manchester United in a 6-0 win against Newcastle United on 12 January 2008, bringing United up to the top of the Premier League table. A month later, on 19 March, he captained United for the first time in a home win over Bolton, and scored both goals of the match. His second goal was his 33rd of the campaign, which bettered George Best’s total of 32 goals in the 1967-68 season, thus setting the club’s new single-season record by a midfielder. His 31 league goals earned him the Premier League Golden Boot, as well as the European Golden Shoe, which made him the first winger to win the latter award. He additionally received the PFA Players’ Player of the Year and FWA Footballer of the Year awards for the second consecutive season.
In the knockout stage of the Champions League, Ronaldo scored the decisive goal against Lyon, which helped United advance to the quarter-finals 2-1 on aggregate, and, while playing as a striker, scored with a header in the 3-0 aggregate victory over Roma. United advanced to the final against Chelsea in Moscow, where, despite his opening goal being negated by an equaliser and his penalty being saved in the shoot-out, Manchester United emerged victorious. As the Champions League top scorer, Ronaldo was named the UEFA Club Footballer of the Year.
Ronaldo scored a total of 42 goals in all competitions during the 2007-08 season, his most prolific campaign during his time in England. He missed three matches after headbutting a Portsmouth player at the start of the season, an experience he said taught him not to let opponents provoke him. As rumours circulated of Ronaldo’s interest in moving to Real Madrid, United filed a tampering complaint with governing body FIFA over Madrid’s alleged pursuit of their player, but they declined to take action. FIFA president Sepp Blatter asserted that the player should be allowed to leave his club, describing the situation as “modern slavery”. Despite Ronaldo publicly agreeing with Blatter, he remained at United for another year.
2008-09: Final season and continued success
Ahead of the 2008-09 season, on 7 July, Ronaldo underwent ankle surgery, which kept him out of action for 10 weeks. Following his return, he scored his 100th goal in all competitions for United with the first of two free kicks in a 5-0 win against Stoke City on 15 November, which meant he had now scored against all 19 opposition teams in the Premier League at the time. At the close of 2008, Ronaldo helped United win the FIFA Club World Cup in Japan, assisting the final-winning goal against Liga de Quito and winning the Silver Ball in the process. He subsequently became United’s first Ballon d’Or winner since George Best in 1968, and the first Premier League player to be named the FIFA World Player of the Year.
His match-winning goal in the second leg against Porto, a 40-yard strike, earned him the inaugural FIFA Pusks Award, presented by FIFA in recognition of the best goal of the year; he later called it the best goal he had ever scored. United advanced to the final in Rome, where he made little impact in United’s 2-0 defeat to Barcelona. Ronaldo ended his time in England with nine trophies, as United claimed their third successive Premier League title and a Football League Cup. He finished the campaign with 26 goals in all competitions, 16 goals fewer than the previous season, in four more appearances. His final ever goal for Manchester United came on 10 May 2009 with a free kick in the Manchester derby at Old Trafford.
2009-13: World record transfer and La Liga championship
As his usual number 7 was unavailable, Ronaldo wore number 9 during his debut season at Madrid. After Ral departed the club, Ronaldo was handed the number 7 shirt before the 2010-11 season.
Ahead of the 2009-10 season, Ronaldo joined Real Madrid for a world record transfer fee at the time, of 80 million (94 million). His contract, which ran until 2015, was worth 11 million per year and contained a 1 billion buy-out clause. At least 80,000 fans attended his presentation at the Santiago Bernabu, surpassing the 25-year record of 75,000 fans who had welcomed Diego Maradona at Napoli. Since club captain Ral already wore the number 7, the number Ronaldo wore at Manchester United. Ronaldo received the number 9 shirt, which was presented to him by former Madrid player Alfredo Di Stfano.
Ronaldo made his debut in La Liga on 29 August 2009, against Deportivo La Corua, and scored from the penalty spot in Madrid’s 3-2 home win. He scored in each of his first four league fixtures with the club, the first Madrid player to do so. His first Champions League goals for the club followed with two free kicks in the first group match against Zrich. His strong start to the season, however, was interrupted when he suffered an ankle injury in October while on international duty, which kept him sidelined for seven weeks. A week after his return, he received his first red card in Spain in a match against Almera. Midway through the season, Ronaldo placed second in the running for the Ballon d’Or and the FIFA World Player of the Year award, behind Lionel Messi of Barcelona, Madrid’s historic rivals. He finished the campaign with 33 goals in all competitions, including a hat-trick in a 4-1 win against Mallorca on 5 May 2010, his first in the Spanish competition. His first season at Real Madrid ended trophyless.
Following Ral’s departure, Ronaldo was handed the number 7 shirt for Real Madrid before the 2010-11 season. His subsequent return to his Ballon d’Or-winning form was epitomised when, for the first time in his career, he scored four goals in a single match during a 6-1 rout against Racing Santander on 23 October. His haul concluded a goalscoring run of six consecutive matchesthree in La Liga, one in the Champions League, and two for Portugaltotalling 11 goals, the most he had scored in a single month. Ronaldo subsequently scored further hat-tricks against Athletic Bilbao, Levante, Villarreal, and Mlaga. Despite his performance, he did not make the podium for the inaugural FIFA Ballon d’Or at the end of 2010.
During a historical series of four Clsicos against rivals Barcelona in April 2011, Ronaldo scored twice to equal his personal record of 42 goals in all competitions in a single season. Although he failed to find the net during Madrid’s eventual elimination in the Champions League semi-finals, he equalised from the penalty spot in the return league game and scored the match-winning goal in the 103rd minute of the Copa del Rey final, winning his first trophy in Spain. Over the next two weeks, Ronaldo scored another four-goal haul against Sevilla, a hat-trick against Getafe, and a brace of free kicks against Villarreal, taking his league total to 38 goals, which equalled the record for most goals scored in a season held by Telmo Zarra and Hugo Snchez. His two goals in the last match of the season, against Almera, made him the first player in La Liga to score 40 goals. In addition to the Pichichi Trophy, Ronaldo consequently won the European Golden Shoe for a second time, becoming the first player to win the award in two different leagues.
During the following campaign, the 2011-12 season, Ronaldo surpassed his previous goalscoring feats to achieve a new personal best of 60 goals across all competitions. His 100th goal for Real Madrid came at Camp Nou in the Supercopa de Espaa, though Barcelona claimed the trophy 5-4 on aggregate. He regained a place on the FIFA Ballon d’Or podium, as runner-up to Messi, after scoring hat-tricks against Real Zaragoza, Rayo Vallecano, Mlaga, Osasuna, and Sevilla, the last of which put Madrid on top of the league by the season’s midway point. Despite two goals from Ronaldo, Madrid were subsequently defeated by Barcelona, 4-3, on aggregate in the quarter-finals of the Copa del Rey. He again scored twice, including a penalty, in the Champions League semi-finals against Bayern Munich, resulting in a 3-3 draw, but his penalty kick in the shootout was saved by Manuel Neuer, leading to Madrid’s elimination.
Ronaldo found greater team success in the league, as he helped Real Madrid win their first La Liga title in four years, with a record 100 points. Following a hat-trick against Levante, further increasing Madrid’s lead over Barcelona, he scored his 100th league goal for Madrid in a 5-1 win over Real Sociedad on 24 March 2012, a milestone he reached in just 92 matches across three seasons, breaking the previous club record held by Ferenc Pusks. Another hat-trick in the Madrid derby against Atltico Madrid brought his total to 40 league goals, equalling his record of the previous season. On 21 April Ronaldo scored the winner in a 2-1 victory over Barcelona at the Camp Nou, which saw him mocking the hostile crowd with a “calm down” gesture during his goal celebration – a celebration he would repeat against Barca four years later. His final league goal of the campaign, against Mallorca, took his total to 46 goals, four short of the new record set by Messi, and earned him the distinction of being the first player to score against all 19 opposition teams in a single season in La Liga.
Ronaldo began the 2012-13 season by lifting the Supercopa de Espaa, his third trophy in Spain. With a goal in each leg by the Portuguese, Madrid won the Spanish Super Cup on away goals following a 4-4 aggregate draw against Barcelona. Although Ronaldo publicly commented that he was unhappy with a “professional issue” within the club, prompted by his refusal to celebrate his 150th goal for Madrid, his goalscoring rate did not suffer. After netting a hat-trick, including two penalties, against Deportivo La Corua, he scored his first hat-trick in the Champions League in a 4-1 victory over Ajax. Four days later, he became the first player to score in six successive Clsicos when he hit a brace in a 2-2 draw at Camp Nou. His performances in 2012 again saw Ronaldo voted second in the running for the FIFA Ballon d’Or, finishing runner-up to four-time winner Messi.
2013-15: Consecutive FIFA Ballon d’Or wins and La Dcima
Following the 2012-13 winter break, Ronaldo captained Real Madrid for the first time in an official match, scoring a brace to lift 10-man Madrid to a 4-3 victory over Real Sociedad on 6 January. He subsequently became the first non-Spanish player in 60 years to captain Madrid in El Clsico on 30 January, a match which also marked his 500th club appearance. Three days prior, he had scored his 300th club goal as part of a perfect hat-trick against Getafe. He scored his 200th goal for Real Madrid on 8 May in a 6-2 win against Mlaga, reaching the landmark in 197 games. He helped Madrid reach the Copa del Rey final by scoring twice in El Clsico, which marked the sixth successive match at Camp Nou in which he had scored, a Real Madrid record. In the final, he headed the opening goal of an eventual 2-1 defeat to Atltico Madrid, but was shown a red card for violent conduct. In the first knockout round of the Champions League, Ronaldo faced his former club Manchester United for the first time. After scoring the equaliser in a 1-1 draw at the Santiago Bernabu, he scored the match-winning goal in a 2-1 victory at Old Trafford, his first return to his former home ground. He did not celebrate scoring against his former club as a mark of respect. After scoring three goals against Galatasaray in the quarters, he scored Madrid’s only goal in the 4-1 away defeat to Borussia Dortmund in the semi-finals, but failed to increase his side’s 2-0 victory in the second leg, as they were eliminated at the semi-final stage for the third consecutive year.
At the start of the 2013-14 season, Ronaldo signed a new contract that extended his stay by three years to 2018, with a salary of 17 million net, making him briefly the highest-paid player in football. He was joined at the club by winger Gareth Bale, whose world record transfer fee of 100 million surpassed the fee Madrid had paid for Ronaldo four years prior. Together with striker Karim Benzema, they formed an attacking trio popularly dubbed “BBC”, an acronym of Bale, Benzema, and Cristiano, and a play off the name of the public service broadcaster. By late November, Ronaldo had scored 32 goals from 22 matches for both club and country, including hat-tricks against Galatasaray, Sevilla, Real Sociedad, Northern Ireland, and Sweden. He ended 2013 with 69 goals in 59 appearances, his highest year-end goal tally. He received the FIFA Ballon d’Or, an amalgamation of the Ballon d’Or and the FIFA World Player of the Year award, for the first time in his career.
Concurrently with his individual achievements, Ronaldo enjoyed his greatest team success in Spain to date, as he helped Real Madrid win La Dcima, their tenth European Cup. His goal in a 3-0 home win over Borussia Dortmundhis 100th Champions League matchtook his total for the season to 14 goals, equalling the record Messi had set two years before. After hitting a brace in a 4-0 defeat of Bayern Munich at the Allianz Arena, he scored from the penalty spot in the 120th minute of the 4-1 final victory over Atltico Madrid, becoming the first player to score in two European Cup finals for two different winning teams. His overall performance in the final was subdued as a result of patellar tendinitis and related hamstring problems, which had plagued him in the last months of the campaign. Ronaldo played the final against medical advice, later commenting: “In your life you do not win without sacrifices and you must take risks.” As the Champions League top goalscorer for the third time, with a record 17 goals, he was named the UEFA Best Player in Europe.
In the Copa del Rey, Ronaldo helped Madrid reach the final by scoring two penalties against Atltico Madrid at the Vicente Caldern, the first of which meant he had now scored in every single minute of a 90-minute football match. His continued issues with his knee and thigh caused him to miss the final, where Real Madrid defeated Barcelona 2-1 to claim the trophy. Ronaldo scored 31 goals in 30 league games, which earned him the Pichichi and the European Golden Shoe, receiving the latter award jointly with Liverpool striker Luis Surez. Among his haul was his 400th career goal, in 653 appearances for club and country, which came with a brace against Celta Vigo on 6 January; he dedicated his goals to compatriot Eusbio, who had died two days before. A last-minute, backheeled volley scored against Valencia on 4 Mayhis 50th goal in all competitionswas recognised as the best goal of the season by the Liga de Ftbol Profesional, which additionally named Ronaldo the Best Player in La Liga.
During the next campaign, the 2014-15 season, Ronaldo set a new personal best of 61 goals in all competitions, starting with both goals in Real Madrid’s 2-0 victory over Sevilla in the UEFA Super Cup. He subsequently achieved his best-ever goalscoring start to a league campaign, with a record 15 goals in the first eight rounds of La Liga. His record 23rd hat-trick in La Liga, scored against Celta Vigo on 6 December, made him the fastest player to reach 200 goals in the Spanish league, as he reached the milestone in only his 178th game. After lifting the FIFA Club World Cup with Madrid in Morocco, Ronaldo received a second successive FIFA Ballon d’Or, joining Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini, and Marco van Basten as a three-time Ballon d’Or winner.
2015-17: All-time Real Madrid top scorer and La Undcima
Madrid finished in second-place in La Liga in the 2014-15 season and exited at the semi-final stage in the Champions League. In the latter competition, Ronaldo extended his run of scoring away to a record 12 matches with his strike in a 2-0 win against Schalke 04. He scored both of his side’s goals in the semi-finals against Juventus, where Madrid were eliminated 2-3 on aggregate. With 10 goals, he finished the campaign as top scorer for a third consecutive season, alongside Messi and Neymar. In La Liga, for the first time in his career he scored five goals in one game, including an eight-minute hat-trick, in a 9-1 rout of Granada on 5 April. His 300th goal for his club followed three days later in a 2-0 win against Rayo Vallecano. Subsequent hat-tricks against Sevilla, Espanyol, and Getafe took his number of hat-tricks for Real Madrid to 31, surpassing Di Stfano’s club record of 28. He finished the season with 48 goals, winning a second consecutive Pichichi and the European Golden Shoe for a record fourth time.
At the start of his seventh season at Real Madrid, the 2015-16 campaign, Ronaldo became the club’s all-time top scorer, first in the league and then in all competitions. His five-goal haul in a 6-0 away win over Espanyol on 12 September took his tally in La Liga to 230 goals in 203 games, surpassing the club’s previous recordholder, Ral. A month later, on 17 October, he again surpassed Ral when he scored the second goal in a 3-0 defeat of Levante at the Bernabu to take his overall total for the club to 324 goals.[note 5] Ronaldo also became the all-time top scorer in the Champions League with a hat-trick in the first group match against Shakhtar Donetsk, having finished the previous season level with Messi on 77 goals. Two goals against Malm FF in a 2-0 away win on 30 September saw him reach the milestone of 500 career goals for both club and country. He subsequently became the first player to score double figures in the competition’s group stage, setting the record at 11 goals, including another four-goal haul against Malm.
Ronaldo’s four goals in a 7-1 home win over Celta de Vigo on 5 March 2016 took his total to 252 goals in La Liga, becoming the competition’s second-highest scorer in history behind Messi. He scored a hat-trick against VfL Wolfsburg to send his club into the Champions League semi-finals. The treble took his tally in the competition to 16 goals, making him the top scorer for the fourth consecutive season, and the fifth overall. Suffering apparent fitness issues, Ronaldo gave a poorly-received performance in the final against Atltico Madrid, in a repeat of the 2014 final, though his penalty in the subsequent shoot-out secured La Undcima, Madrid’s 11th victory. For the sixth successive year, he ended the season having scored more than 50 goals across all competitions. For his efforts during the season, he received the UEFA Best Player in Europe Award for a second time.
Ronaldo missed Real Madrid’s first three matches of the 2016-17 season, including the 2016 UEFA Super Cup against Sevilla, as he continued to rehabilitate the knee injury he suffered against France in the final of Euro 2016. On 15 September, he did not celebrate his late free kick equaliser against Sporting CP in the Champions League, with Ronaldo stating post match, “they made me who I am.” On 19 November, he scored a hat-trick in a 3-0 away win against Atltico Madrid, making him the all-time top scorer in the Madrid derby with 18 goals. On 15 December, Ronaldo scored his 500th club career goal in the 2-0 victory over Club Amrica in the semi-finals of the FIFA Club World Cup. He then scored a hat-trick in the 4-2 win over Japanese club Kashima Antlers in the final. Ronaldo finished the tournament as top scorer with four goals and was also named player of the tournament. He won the Ballon d’Or for a fourth time and the inaugural Best FIFA Men’s Player, a revival of the former FIFA World Player of the Year, largely owing to his success with Portugal in winning Euro 2016.
2017-18: Fifth Champions League title and fifth Ballon d’Or
In the 2016-17 UEFA Champions League quarter-final against Bayern Munich in April, Ronaldo scored both goals in a 2-1 away win which saw him make history in becoming the first player to reach 100 goals in UEFA club competition. In the second leg of the quarter-finals, Ronaldo scored a perfect hat-trick and reached his 100th UEFA Champions League goal, becoming the first player to do so as Real Madrid again defeated Bayern 4-2 after extra-time. On 2 May, Ronaldo scored another hat-trick as Real Madrid defeated Atltico Madrid 3-0 in the Champions League semi-final first leg. On 17 May, Ronaldo overtook Jimmy Greaves as the all-time top scorer in the top five European leagues, scoring twice against Celta de Vigo. He finished the season with 42 goals in all competitions as he helped Madrid to win their first La Liga title since 2012. In the 2017 Champions League final, Ronaldo scored two goals in the victory against Juventus and became the top goalscorer for the fifth-straight season, and sixth overall, with 12 goals, while also becoming the first player to score in three finals in the Champions League era as well as reaching his 600th senior career goal. Madrid also became the first team to win back-to-back finals in the Champions League era.
At the start of the 2017-18 season, Ronaldo scored Madrid’s second goal in a 3-1 Supercopa de Espaa first-leg victory over Barcelona at Camp Nou. On 23 October, his performances in the first half of 2017 saw him claim his fifth FIFA Player of the Year award by receiving The Best FIFA Men’s Player award for the second consecutive year. On 6 December, he became the first player to score in all six Champions League group stage matches with a curling strike at home to Borussia Dortmund. A day later, Ronaldo won the Ballon d’Or for a fifth time, receiving the award on the Eiffel Tower in Paris. On 3 March 2018, he scored two goals in a 3-1 home win over Getafe, his first being his 300th La Liga goal in his 286th La Liga appearance, making him the fastest player to reach this landmark and only the second player to do so after Lionel Messi. On 18 March, he reached his 50th career hat-trick, scoring four goals in a 6-3 win against Girona.
On 3 April, Ronaldo scored the first two goals in a 3-0 away win against Juventus in the quarter-finals of the 2017-18 UEFA Champions League, with his second goal being an acrobatic bicycle kick. The goal, described as a “PlayStation goal” by Juventus defender Andrea Barzagli, garnered him a standing ovation from the Juventus fans in the stadium, as well as a plethora of plaudits from peers, pundits and coaches. On 11 April, he scored the goal Real Madrid needed to advance to the semi-final, in the second leg of the Champions League quarter-final at home to Juventus, from a 98th-minute injury time penalty in a 3-1 defeat, with an overall 4-3 aggregate win. It was also his tenth goal against Juventus, a Champions League record against a single club. In the final of the tournament, on 26 May, Real Madrid defeated Liverpool 3-1, winning Ronaldo his fifth Champions League title as he became the first player to win the trophy five times. He finished as the top scorer of the tournament for the sixth consecutive season, ending the campaign with 15 goals. After the final, Ronaldo referred to his time with the Champions League winners in the past tense, sparking speculation that he could leave Real Madrid.
2018-19: Debut season and first Serie A title
On 10 July 2018, Ronaldo signed a four-year contract with Italian club Juventus after completing a 100 million transfer, which included an additional 12 million in other fees, and solidarity contributions to Ronaldo’s youth clubs. The transfer was the highest ever for a player over 30 years old, and the highest ever paid by an Italian club. Upon signing, Ronaldo cited his need for a new challenge as his rationale for departing Real Madrid, but later attributed the transfer to the lack of support he felt was shown by club president Florentino Prez.
On 16 September, his fourth appearance for Juventus, he scored his first goal, which was immediately followed by a second, in a 2-1 home win over Sassuolo; the latter was the 400th league goal of his career. On 19 September, in his first Champions League match for Juventus, he was sent off in the 29th minute for “violent conduct”the first time in 154 Champions League appearances. Ronaldo became the first player in history to win 100 Champions League matches, setting up Mario Manduki‘s winner in a 1-0 home victory over Valencia, which sealed Juventus’s passage to the knock-out stages of the competition. In December, he scored his tenth Serie A goal of the season, from the penalty spot, netting the final goal in a 3-0 away win over rivals Fiorentina; with this goal, Ronaldo became the first Juventus player since John Charles in 1957 to score 10 goals in his first 14 league games for the club. After placing second in both the UEFA Men’s Player of the Year and The Best FIFA Men’s Player for the first time in three years, behind Luka Modri, Ronaldo performances in 2018 also saw him voted runner-up for the 2018 Ballon d’Or, finishing once again behind his former Real Madrid teammate.
Ronaldo won his first trophy with the club in January 2019, the 2018 Supercoppa Italiana, after he scored the game-winning and only goal from a header against A.C. Milan. On 10 February, Ronaldo scored in a 3-0 away win over Sassuolo; the ninth consecutive away game in which he had scored for Juventus in the league, which enabled him to equal Giuseppe Signori‘s single season Serie A record of most consecutive away games with at least one goal. On 12 March, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick in a 3-0 home win against Atltico Madrid in the second leg of the Champions League round of 16, helping Juventus overcome a two-goal deficit to reach the quarter-finals. The following month, Ronaldo scored his 125th goal in the competition, opening the scoring in a 1-1 away draw in the first leg of Juventus’ quarter-final against Ajax, on 10 April. In the second leg in Turin on 16 April, he scored the opening goal of the match in the first half, but Juventus eventually lost the match 2-1, and were eliminated from the competition. On 20 April, Ronaldo played in the Scudetto clinching game against rivals Fiorentina as Juventus won their eighth successive Serie A title after a 2-1 home win, thereby becoming the first player to win league titles in England, Spain and Italy. On 27 April, he scored his 600th club goal, the equaliser in a 1-1 away draw against rivals Inter. Finishing his first Serie A campaign with 21 goals and 8 assists, Ronaldo won the inaugural Serie A Award for Most Valuable Player.
2019-20: Second season in Italy
Ronaldo scored his first goal of the 2019-20 season for Juventus in a 4-3 home win over Napoli in Serie A on 31 August 2019. On 23 September, he came in 3rd place for the 2019 Best FIFA Men’s Player Award. On 1 October, he reached several milestones in Juventus’s 3-0 group stage win over Bayer Leverkusen in the Champions League: his goal during the match saw him score for the 14th consecutive Champions League season, equalling Ral and Messi’s record; he also broke Iker Casillas record for most Champions League wins of all time, and equalled Ral’s record of scoring against 33 different Champions League opponents. On 6 November, in a 2-1 away win against Lokomotiv Moscow in the Champions League group stage, he equalled Paolo Maldini as the second-most capped player in UEFA club competitions with 174 appearances. On 18 December, Ronaldo leapt to a height of 8.39ft (2.56m) – higher than the crossbar (8ft) – before heading the winning goal in a 2-1 away win for Juventus against Sampdoria in the league.
Ronaldo scored his first Serie A hat-trick on 6 January 2020, in a 4-0 home win against Cagliari. His 56th career hat-trick, he became only the second player after Alexis Snchez to score hat-tricks in the Premier League, La Liga and Serie A.
2001-07: Youth level and early international career
Ronaldo began his international career with Portugal at the 2001 European Youth Summer Olympic Festival, debuting in a 3-1 defeat to Finland. The following year he would represent his country under-17 side at the 2002 UEFA European Under-17 Football Championship, where they failed to progress past the group stage. Ronaldo also featured in the Olympic squad at the 2004 Summer Olympics, scoring one goal in the tournament, though the team was eliminated in the first round, finishing bottom of their group with three points after 4-2 defeats to eventual semi-finalists Iraq and quarter-finalists Costa Rica. During his international youth career, Ronaldo would go on to represent the under-15 team, under-17, under-20, under-21, and under-23 national sides, amassing 34 youth caps and scoring 18 goals overall.
At age 18, Ronaldo made his first senior appearance for Portugal in a 1-0 victory over Kazakhstan on 20 August 2003. He was subsequently called up for UEFA Euro 2004, held in his home country, and scored his first international goal in a 2-1 group stage loss to eventual champions Greece. After converting his penalty in a shootout against England in the quarter-finals, he helped Portugal reach the final by scoring the opening goal in a 2-1 win over the Netherlands. He was featured in the team of the tournament, having provided two assists in addition to his two goals.
Ronaldo was Portugal’s second-highest scorer in the European qualification for the 2006 FIFA World Cup with seven goals. During the tournament, he scored his first World Cup goal against Iran with a penalty kick in Portugal’s second match of the group stage. In the quarter-final against England, his Manchester United teammate Wayne Rooney was sent off for stamping on Portugal defender Ricardo Carvalho. Although the referee later clarified that the red card was only due to Rooney’s infraction, the English media speculated that Ronaldo had influenced his decision by aggressively complaining, after which he was seen in replays winking at Portugal’s bench following Rooney’s dismissal. Ronaldo went on to score the vital winning penalty during the penalty shoot out which sent Portugal into the semi-finals. Ronaldo was subsequently booed during their 1-0 semi-final defeat to France. FIFA’s Technical Study Group overlooked him for the tournament’s Best Young Player award and handed it to Germany‘s Lukas Podolski, citing his behaviour as a factor in the decision. Following the 2006 World Cup, Ronaldo would go on to represent Portugal in four qualifying games for Euro 2008, scoring two goals in the process.
2007-12: Assuming the captaincy
One day after his 22nd birthday, Ronaldo captained Portugal for the first time in a friendly game against Brazil on 6 February 2007, as requested by Portuguese Football Federation president Carlos Silva, who had died two days earlier. Ahead of Euro 2008, he was given the number 7 shirt for the first time. While he scored eight goals in the qualification, the second-highest tally, he scored just one goal in the tournament, netting the second goal of their 3-1 win in the group stage match against the Czech Republic; in the same game, he also set-up Portugal’s third goal in injury time, which was scored by Quaresma, and was named man of the match for his performance. Portugal were eliminated in the quarter-finals with a 3-2 loss against eventual finalists Germany.
After Portugal’s unsuccessful performance in the European Championship, Luiz Felipe Scolari was replaced as coach by Carlos Queiroz, formerly the assistant manager at United. Queiroz made Ronaldo the squad’s permanent captain in July 2008. Ronaldo failed to score a single goal in the qualification for the 2010 World Cup, as Portugal narrowly avoided a premature elimination from the tournament with a play-off victory over Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the group stage of the World Cup, he was named man of the match in all three matches against Ivory Coast, North Korea, and Brazil. His only goal of the tournament came in their 7-0 rout of North Korea, which marked his first international goal in 16 months. Portugal’s World Cup ended with a 1-0 loss against eventual champions Spain in the round of 16.
Ronaldo scored seven goals in the qualification for Euro 2012, including two strikes against Bosnia and Herzegovina in the play-offs, to send Portugal into the tournament, where they were drawn in a “group of death“. In the last group stage game against the Netherlands, Ronaldo scored twice to secure a 2-1 victory. He scored a header in the quarter-final against the Czech Republic to give his team a 1-0 win. In both games against the Netherlands and the Czech Republic he was named man of the match. After the semi-finals against Spain ended scoreless, with Ronaldo having sent three shots over the bar, Portugal were eliminated in the penalty shootout. Ronaldo did not take a penalty as he had been slated to take the unused fifth slot, a decision that drew criticism. As the joint top scorer with three goals, alongside five other players, he was again included in the team of the tournament.
2012-16: All-time Portugal top scorer and European champion
During the qualification for the 2014 World Cup, Ronaldo scored a total of eight goals. A qualifying match on 17 October 2012, a 1-1 draw against Northern Ireland, earned him his 100th cap. His first international hat-trick also came against Northern Ireland, when he found the net three times in a 15-minute spell of a 4-2 qualifying victory on 6 September 2013. After Portugal failed to qualify during the regular campaign, Ronaldo scored all four of the team’s goals in the play-offs against Sweden, which ensured their place at the tournament. His hat-trick in the second leg took his international tally to 47 goals, equaling Pauleta‘s record. Ronaldo subsequently scored twice in a 5-1 friendly win over Cameroon on 5 March 2014 to become his country’s all-time top scorer.
Ronaldo took part in the tournament despite suffering from patellar tendinitis and a related thigh injury, potentially risking his career. Ronaldo later commented: “If we had two or three Cristiano Ronaldos in the team I would feel more comfortable. But we don’t.” Despite ongoing doubts over his fitness, being forced to abort practice twice, Ronaldo played the full 90 minutes of the opening match against Germany, though he was unable to prevent a 4-0 defeat. After assisting an injury-time 2-2 equaliser against the United States, he scored a late match-winning goal in a 2-1 victory over Ghana. His 50th international goal made him the first Portuguese to play and score in three World Cups. Portugal were eliminated from the tournament at the close of the group stage on goal difference.
Ronaldo scored five goals, including a hat-trick against Armenia, in the qualification for Euro 2016. With the only goal in another victory over Armenia on 14 November 2014, he reached 23 goals in the European Championship, including qualifying matches, to become the competition’s all-time leading goalscorer. At the start of the tournament, however, Ronaldo failed to convert his chances in Portugal’s draws against Iceland and Austria, despite taking a total of 20 shots on goal. In the latter match, he overtook Lus Figo as his nation’s most capped player with his 128th international appearance, which ended scoreless after he missed a penalty in the second half. With two goals and an assist in the last match of the group stage, a 3-3 draw against Hungary, Ronaldo became the first player to score in four European Championships, having made a record 17 appearances in the tournament. Though placed third in their group behind Hungary and Iceland, his team qualified for the knockout round as a result of the competition’s newly expanded format.
In Portugal’s first knockout match, Ronaldo’s only attempt on goal was parried by Croatia‘s goalkeeper into the path of Ricardo Quaresma, whose finish then secured a 1-0 victory late in extra time. After his team progressed past Poland on penalties, Ronaldo became the first player to participate in three European Championship semi-finals; he scored the opening goal and assisted a second in a 2-0 win against Wales, equaling Michel Platini as the competition’s all-time top scorer with nine goals. In the final against hosts France, Ronaldo was forced off after just 25 minutes following a challenge from Dimitri Payet. After multiple treatments and attempts to play on, he was stretchered off the pitch and replaced by Quaresma. During extra time, substitute Eder scored in the 109th minute to earn Portugal a 1-0 victory. As team captain, Ronaldo later lifted the trophy in celebration of his country’s first-ever triumph in a major tournament. He was awarded the Silver Boot as the joint second-highest goalscorer, with three goals and three assists, and was named to the team of the tournament for the third time in his career.
2016-18: Post-European Championship victory, and World Cup
Following the Euro 2016 success, Ronaldo scored six goals in the opening rounds of the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers with four being against Andorra and two against Latvia. These goals brought his international tally to 68 goals, putting level with Gerd Mller and Robbie Keane as the fourth-highest European international goalscorer of all-time. He played his first professional match on his home island of Madeira on 28 March 2017 at age 32, opening a 2-3 friendly defeat to Sweden at the Estdio dos Barreiros. With the goal, he tied with Miroslav Klose on 71 goals as the third-highest scoring European in international football.
In Portugal’s opening match of the 2017 FIFA Confederations Cup against Mexico on 17 June, Cristiano Ronaldo set-up Quaresma’s opening goal in a 2-2 draw. Three days later, he scored in a 1-0 win over hosts Russia. On 24 June, he scored from a penalty in a 4-0 win over New Zealand, which saw Portugal top their group and advance to the semi-finals of the competition. With his 75th international goal, Ronaldo also equalled Sndor Kocsis as the second-highest European international goalscorer of all-time, behind only Ferenc Pusks. He was named man of the match in all three of Portugal’s group stage matches. Ronaldo left the competition early: after Chile defeated Portugal 3-0 on penalties in the semi-finals, he was allowed to return home to be with his newborn children. Therefore, he missed Portugal’s third-place play-off match in which Portugal defeated Mexico 2-1 after extra time.
On 31 August 2017, Ronaldo scored a hat-trick in a 5-1 win in a World Cup qualifier over the Faroe Islands, which saw him overtake Pel and equal Hussein Saeed as the joint-fifth-highest goalscorer in international football with 78 goals. These goals brought his tally in the 2018 World Cup qualifiers to 14, equalling Predrag Mijatovi‘s record for most goals in a single UEFA senior men’s qualifying campaign, and also saw him break the record for the most goals scored in a single European qualifying group, overtaking the previous record of 13 goals set by David Healy and Robert Lewandowski. Ronaldo’s hat-trick took his World Cup qualifying goals total to 29, making him the highest scorer in European World Cup qualifiers, ahead of Andriy Shevchenko, and the highest goalscorer in World Cup qualifying and finals matches combined, with 32 goals, ahead of Miroslav Klose. Ronaldo later added to this tally by scoring a goal against Andorra in a 2-0 victory.
In the build-up to the 2018 World Cup, Portugal hosted friendlies against Tunisia, Belgium and Algeria. Ronaldo featured in the final of the three matches in which he made his 150th international appearance. On 15 June 2018, Ronaldo became the oldest player ever to score a hat-trick in a World Cup match, helping Portugal secure a 3-3 draw against Spain in their opening match at the World Cup. In doing so, he also became the first Portuguese player to score a goal in four World Cups and one of four players to do so in total. His third goal saw him curl in a 30-yard free kick with two minutes remaining for the equaliser. His hat-trick also drew him level with Ferenc Pusks as the highest European goalscorer of all-time, with 84 international goals. In Portugal’s second game on 20 June, Ronaldo scored the only goal in a 1-0 victory against Morocco, breaking Pusks’ record. In the final group match against Iran on 25 June, Ronaldo missed a penalty in an eventual 1-1 draw which saw Portugal progress to the second round as group runners-up behind Spain. On 30 June, Portugal were eliminated following a 2-1 defeat to Uruguay in the last 16. For his performances throughout the tournament, Ronaldo was later named to the 2018 FIFA World Cup Dream Team.
2018-present: Brief hiatus, and Nations League title
After the 2018 FIFA World Cup, Ronaldo missed six international matches, including the entire league phase of the 2018-19 UEFA Nations League. Ronaldo played for hosts Portugal in the inaugural Nations League Finals in June 2019. In the semi-finals on 5 June, he scored a hat-trick against Switzerland to secure a spot in the final. Upon netting the match’s opening goal, he became the first player to score in 10 consecutive international competitions, breaking the record of nine he previously shared with Ghana’s Asamoah Gyan. In the final of the tournament four days later, Portugal defeated Netherlands 1-0.
On 10 September, Ronaldo scored four goals in a 5-1 away win over Lithuania in a Euro 2020 qualifying match; in the process, he overtook Robbie Keane (23 goals) as the player with most goals in the UEFA European Championship qualifiers, setting a new record with 25 goals. On that occasion, Ronaldo also set a new record as the player who scored against the most national teams, 40, while also completing his eighth international hat-trick. On 14 October, he scored his 700th senior career goal for club and country from the penalty spot, in his 974th senior career appearance, a 2-1 away loss to Ukraine in a Euro 2020 qualifier. On 17 November, Ronaldo scored his 99th international goal in a 2-0 win over Luxembourg, leading Portugal qualify for Euro 2020.
Style of play
A versatile attacker, Ronaldo is capable of playing on either wing as well as through the centre of the pitch, and, while ostensibly right-footed, is very strong with both feet. He ranks among the world’s fastest footballers, both with and without the ball. Tactically, Ronaldo has undergone several evolutions throughout his career. While at Sporting and during his first season at Manchester United, he was typically deployed as a traditional winger on the right side of midfield, where he regularly looked to deliver crosses into the penalty area. In this position, he was able to use his pace and acceleration, agility, and technical skills to take on opponents in one-on-one situations. Ronaldo became noted for his dribbling and flair, often displaying an array of tricks and feints, such as the step overs and so-called ‘chops’ that became his trademark.
Ronaldo controlling the ball on his chest during a 2010-11 La Liga game against Almera. At his peak, he was known for his exceptional speed and athleticism.
As Ronaldo matured, he underwent a major physical transformation, developing a muscular body type that allows him to retain possession of the ball, and strong legs that make up for an outstanding jumping ability. His strength and jumping ability, combined with his elevation, heading accuracy, and height of 1.87 m (6 ft 1 1⁄2 in), give him an edge in winning aerial challenges for balls. These attributes allow him to function as a target-man, and make him an aerial goal threat in the penalty area; consequently, many of his goals have been headers. Allied with his increased stamina and work-rate, his goalscoring ability improved drastically on the left wing where he was given the positional freedom to move into the centre to finish attacks. He also increasingly played a creative role for his team, often dropping deep to pick up the ball, participate in the build-up of plays, and create chances for his teammates, courtesy of his good vision and passing ability.
In his final seasons at United, Ronaldo played an even more attacking and central role, functioning both as a striker and as a supporting forward, or even as an attacking midfielder on occasion. He developed into a prolific goalscorer, capable of finishing well both inside the penalty area and from distance with an accurate and powerful shot, courtesy of his striking ability. An accurate penalty kick taker, he also became a set piece specialist, renowned for his powerful, bending free kicks, though his ability in this regard deteriorated later on in his career. When taking free kicks, Ronaldo is known for using the knuckleball technique, which had previously been popularised by Juninho Pernambucano; he also adopts a trademark stance before striking the ball, which involves him standing with his legs far apart. Regarding Cristiano Ronaldo’s unique style of taking free kicks, former Manchester United assistant manager Mike Phelan has commented: “People used to put the ball down, walk away, run up and hit it. He brought in a more dynamic showmanship. He places the ball down, the concentration level is high, he takes his certain amount of steps back so that his standing foot is in the perfect place to hit the ball in the sweet spot. He is the ultimate showman. He has that slight arrogance. When he pulls those shorts up and shows his thighs, he is saying ‘All eyes on me’ and this is going in. He understands the marketing side of it. The way he struts up and places it; the world is watching him.”
At Real Madrid, Ronaldo continued to play a more offensive role, while his creative and defensive duties became more limited, although not entirely diminished. Initially deployed as a centre forward, he was later moved back onto the left wing, though in a free tactical role; this position allowed him to drift into the centre at will to get onto the end of crosses and score, or draw out defenders with his movement off the ball and leave space for teammates to exploit. Madrid’s counter-attacking style of play also allowed him to become a more efficient and consistent player, as evidenced by his record-breaking goalscoring feats. However, while he mainly drew praise in the media for his prolific goalscoring, he also demonstrated his ability as an effective creator in this role. From 2013 onwards, he effectively adapted his style to the physical effects of ageing with increasingly reduced off the ball movement and general involvement, completing fewer dribbles and passes per game, and instead focusing on short-distance creating and goalscoring. Since 2017, Ronaldo has adapted his style of play yet again to become more of a free-roaming centre forward, a role in which he has continued to excel and maintain a prolific goalscoring record; in this position, he has earned praise in the media for his intelligent movement both on and off the ball, his excellent positional sense, link-up play, clinical finishing, and his opportunism, as well as his ability to lose or anticipate his markers, find space in the box, and score from few opportunities.
In his first season at Juventus, Ronaldo continued to play in a variety of different attacking roles, depending on whom he was partnered with. While he had occupied an increasingly offensive role in his final years at Real Madrid, at times he functioned in a free role at Juventus, either as a lone striker or in his trademark role on the left wing, in a 4-2-3-1 or 4-3-3 formation, in which he often switched positions with Mario Manduki. In this role, he was also given licence to drop deep or even out wide onto the right flank in order to receive the ball, and be more involved in the build-up of plays; as such, aside from scoring goals himself, he began to take on opponents and create chances for other players with greater frequency than he had in his final seasons with Real Madrid. Off the ball, he was also capable of creating space for teammates with his movement and attacking runs into the box, or finishing off chances with his head or feet by getting onto the end of his teammates’ crosses. On occasion he also played in an attacking partnership alongside Manduki in a 4-3-1-2, 4-4-2, or 3-5-2 formation. He continued to play a similar role in his second season with the club.
Ronaldo is widely regarded as one of the two best players of his generation, alongside Lionel Messi.[note 6] After winning his first Ballon d’Or by a record-high vote count at age 23, the public debate regarding his qualities as a player moved beyond his status in contemporary football to the possibility that he was one of the greatest players in history. Acclaimed for his prolific and consistent goal-scoring,[note 7] he is considered a decisive player who is also a game changer, especially in important and high-pressured situations.[note 8]
Ronaldo is noted for his work ethic, elite body conditioning, and dedication to improvement on the training pitch, as well being regarded as a natural leader. Writing of his “extraordinary commitment to physical preparation”, Adam Bate of Sky Sports adds, “Dedication is a huge part of staying at the top and Ronaldo’s focus is perhaps unparalleled within the game.” His drive and determination to succeed are fuelled by a desire to be talked about alongside Pel and Diego Maradona once retiring. He has at times, however, been criticised for simulating when tackled.[note 9] In addition to this, he was occasionally criticised early in his career by manager Alex Ferguson, teammates, and the media for being a selfish or overly flamboyant player.
During his career, Ronaldo has also been described as having an “arrogant image” on the pitch, with Ronaldo stating that he had become a “victim” because of how he was portrayed in the media. He is often seen moaning, gesticulating and scowling while trying to inspire his team to victory, with Ronaldo insisting that his competitive nature should not be mistaken for arrogance. His managers, teammates and various journalists have commented that this reputation has caused an unfair image of him. In 2014, Ronaldo told France Football that he had made a “mistake” when he said in 2011, “People are jealous of me as I am rich, handsome and a great player”, adding that he had matured since then and fans understood him better.
Ronaldo has adopted several goalscoring celebrations throughout his career, including one particular celebration which gained widespread coverage in the media, when he squatted and stared directly into a camera on the sidelines of the pitch with his hand on his chin. However, after scoring a goal, he usually celebrates with a “storming jump” and “turn”, before “landing in spread-eagled fashion” into his “signature power stance”, while usually simultaneously exclaiming “S” (Spanish for “yes”); as such, this trademark celebration has been dubbed the “Sii!” in the media.
Comparisons to Lionel Messi
Both players have scored in at least two UEFA Champions League finals and have regularly broken the 50-goal barrier in a single season. Sports journalists and pundits regularly argue the individual merits of both players in an attempt to argue who they believe is the best player in modern football. It has been compared to sports rivalries such as the Muhammad Ali–Joe Frazier rivalry in boxing, the Borg-McEnroe rivalry in tennis, and the Ayrton Senna–Alain Prost rivalry from Formula One motor racing.
Some commentators choose to analyse the differing physiques and playing styles of the two, while part of the debate revolves around the contrasting personalities of the two players: Ronaldo is sometimes depicted as an arrogant and theatrical showoff, while Messi is portrayed as a shy, humble character.
In a 2012 interview, Ronaldo commented on the rivalry, saying “I think we push each other sometimes in the competition, this is why the competition is so high”, while Ronaldo’s manager during his time at Manchester United, Alex Ferguson, opined that “I don’t think the rivalry against each other bothers them. I think they have their own personal pride in terms of wanting to be the best”. Messi himself denied any rivalry, saying that it was “only the media, the press, who wants us to be at loggerheads but I’ve never fought with Cristiano”. Responding to the claims that he and Messi do not get on well on a personal level, Ronaldo commented, “We don’t have a relationship outside the world of football, just as we don’t with a lot of other players”, before adding that in years to come he hopes they can laugh about it together, stating; “We have to look on this rivalry with a positive spirit, because it’s a good thing.” Representing archrivals Barcelona and Real Madrid, the two players faced each other at least twice every season in the world’s biggest club game, El Clsico, which is among the world’s most viewed annual sporting events.
In a debate at Oxford Union in October 2013, when asked whether FIFA president Sepp Blatter preferred Messi or Ronaldo, Blatter paid tribute to the work ethic of the Argentine before taking a swipe at Ronaldo, claiming “one of them has more expenses for the hairdresser than the other”. Real Madrid demanded – and promptly received – a full apology, and the Portuguese issued his own riposte with a mock-salute celebration after scoring a penalty against Sevilla, after Blatter had described him as a “commander” on the pitch. In August 2019, Ronaldo and Messi were interviewed while sat next to each other prior to the announcement of the UEFA Men’s Player of the Year, with Ronaldo stating, “Of course, we have a good relationship. We haven’t had dinner together yet, but I hope in the future. I pushed him and he pushed me as well. So it’s good to be part of the history of football.”
As his reputation grew from his time at Manchester United, Ronaldo has signed many sponsorship deals for consumer products, including sportswear, football boots (since November 2012 Ronaldo has worn the Nike Mercurial Vapor personalized CR7 edition), soft drinks, clothing, automotive lubricants, financial services, electronics, and computer video games. Ronaldo was featured as the cover athlete of EA Sports’ FIFA video game FIFA 18 and was heavily involved in the game’s promotion. His ‘Siiii’ goal celebration features in the FIFA series, accompanied with his own voiceover. He was also the face of Pro Evolution Soccer, appearing on the cover in 2008, 2012, and 2013.
Forbes has twice ranked Ronaldo first on its list of the world’s highest-paid football players; his combined income from salaries, bonuses, and endorsements was $73 million in 2013-14 and $79 million in 2014-15. The latter earnings saw him listed behind only boxer Floyd Mayweather, Jr. on the magazine’s list of The World’s Highest-Paid Athletes. In 2016, he became the first footballer to top the Forbes list of highest-earning athletes, with a total income of $88 million from his salary and endorsements in 2015-16. He topped the list for the second straight year with earnings of $93 million in 2016-17. Ronaldo is one of the world’s most marketable athletes: SportsPro rated him the fifth most marketable athlete in 2012 and eighth most marketable athlete in 2013, with Brazilian footballer Neymar topping both lists. Sports market research company Repucom named Ronaldo the most marketable and most recognised football player in the world in May 2014. He was additionally named in the 2014 Time 100, Time‘s annual list of the most influential people in the world.ESPN named Ronaldo the world’s most famous athlete in 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019.
Ronaldo has established a strong online presence; the most popular sportsperson on social media, he counted 158 million total followers across Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram by June 2015. As of July 2019[update], he has the world’s biggest Facebook fanbase with 122 million followers: he became the first sportsperson to reach 50 million followers in August 2010, and in October 2014, he became the first sportsperson, and the second person after Shakira, to reach 100 million followers. By June 2017, Ronaldo had 277 million followers across social media. His sponsors earned $936 million in media value across his social media accounts between June 2016 to June 2017. Ronaldo has released two mobile apps: in December 2011, he launched an iPhone game called Heads Up with Cristiano, created by developer RockLive, and in December 2013, he launched Viva Ronaldo, a dedicated social networking website and mobile app. Computer security company McAfee produced a 2012 report ranking footballers by the probability of an internet search for their name leading to an unsafe website, with Ronaldo’s name first on the list.
Ronaldo’s life and person have been the subject of several works. His autobiography, titled Moments, was published in December 2007. His sponsor Castrol produced the television film Ronaldo: Tested to the Limit, in which he is physically and mentally tested in several areas; his physical performance was consequently subject to scrutiny by world media upon the film’s release in September 2011.Cristiano Ronaldo: The World at His Feet, a documentary narrated by the actor Benedict Cumberbatch, was released via Vimeo in June 2014. A documentary film about his life and career, titled Ronaldo, was released worldwide on 9 November 2015. Directed by BAFTA-winner Anthony Wonke, the film is produced and distributed by Universal Pictures, while Asif Kapadia is the executive producer.
Demand for a replica Ronaldo jersey has been high throughout his career. In 2008, Ronaldo’s number 7 Manchester United jersey was the best-selling sports product under the auspices of the Premier League. In 2015, Ronaldo’s number 7 Real Madrid jersey was the second best-selling jersey worldwide, after Messis number 10 Barcelona jersey. In 2018, within 24 hours of his number 7 Juventus jersey being released, over 520,000 had been sold, with $62.4 million generated in one day.
Ronaldo opened his first fashion boutique under the name CR7 (his initials and shirt number) on the island of Madeira, Portugal, in 2006. Ronaldo expanded his business with a second clothes boutique in Lisbon in 2008. In partnership with Scandinavian manufacturer JBS Textile Group and the New York fashion designer Richard Chai, Ronaldo co-designed a range of underwear and sock line, released in November 2013. He later expanded his CR7 fashion brand by launching a line of premium shirts and shoes by July 2014. In September 2015, Ronaldoin a partnership with Eden Parfumsreleased his own fragrance, “Legacy”.
In 2007, C.D. Nacional renamed its youth campus Cristiano Ronaldo Campus Futebol (Cristiano Ronaldo Football Campus). In December 2013, Ronaldo opened a museum, Museu CR7, in his hometown of Funchal, Madeira, to house trophies and memorabilia of his life and playing career; the museum is an official sponsor of the local football team Unio da Madeira. At a ceremony held at the Belm Palace in January 2014, President of Portugal Anbal Cavaco Silva raised Ronaldo to the rank of Grand Officer of the Order of Prince Henry, “to distinguish an athlete of world renown who has been a symbol of Portugal globally, contributing to the international projection of the country and setting an example of tenacity for future generations”. A bronze statue of Ronaldo, designed by artist Ricardo Madeira Veloso, was unveiled in Funchal on 21 December 2014.
Cristiano Ronaldo International Airport in Madeira. The renaming ceremony took place in March 2017.
In June 2010, during the build-up to the World Cup, Ronaldo became the fourth footballer – after Steven Gerrard, Pel and David Beckham – to be represented as a waxwork at Madame Tussauds London. Another waxwork of him was presented at the Madrid Wax Museum in December 2013. In June 2015, astronomers led by David Sobral from Lisbon and Leiden discovered a galaxy which they named CR7 (Cosmos Redshift 7) in tribute to Ronaldo.
On 23 July 2016, following Portugal’s triumph at Euro 2016, Madeira Airport in Funchal was renamed as Cristiano Ronaldo International Airport. The unveiling of the rebranded terminal took place on 29 March 2017, which included a bust of his head being presented. The bust and the name change were controversial, with the lack of the bust’s likeness to Ronaldo being ridiculed by comedians, including Saturday Night Live, while the name change was subject to much debate locally by some politicians and citizens, who even started a petition against the move, an action criticised by President of Madeira Miguel Albuquerque. A year later, sports website Bleacher Report commissioned sculptor Emanuel Santos to create another bust. However, this bust was never used; instead, a new one was made by a Spanish sculptor, shown to the public on 15 June 2018.
Family, children and relationships
- Via surrogacy
- Cristiano Ronaldo Jr. (b. 2010), son
- Eva Maria (b. 2017), twin daughter
- Mateo Ronaldo (b. 2017), twin son
- With Georgina Rodrguez
- Alana Martina (b. 2017), daughter
Ronaldo has four children. He first became a father to a son, Cristiano Jr., born on 17 June 2010 in the United States. He stated that he has full custody of the child and would not be publicly revealing the identity of the mother as per agreement with her. In January 2015, Ronaldo announced his five-year relationship with Russian model Irina Shayk had ended.
Ronaldo then became father to twins, daughter Eva and son Mateo, born on 8 June 2017 in the United States via surrogacy. He is in a relationship with Spanish model Georgina Rodrguez, who gave birth to their daughter Alana Martina, on 12 November 2017.
Ronaldo’s father, Jos, died of an alcoholism-related liver condition at age 52 in September 2005 when Ronaldo was 20. Ronaldo has said that he does not drink alcohol, and he received libel damages over a Daily Telegraph article that reported him drinking heavily in a nightclub while recovering from an injury in July 2008. His mother, Dolores, was diagnosed with breast cancer in 2007 but eventually recovered.
Ronaldo has made contributions to various charitable causes throughout his career. Television footage of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami showed an eight-year-old boy survivor named Martunis wearing a number 7 Portuguese football shirt who was stranded for 19 days after his family was killed. Following this, Ronaldo visited Aceh, Indonesia, to raise funds for rehabilitation and reconstruction. After accepting undisclosed damages from a libel case against The Sun newspaper in 2008, Ronaldo donated the damages to a charity in Madeira. In 2009, Ronaldo donated 100,000 to the hospital that saved his mother’s life in Madeira following her battle with cancer, so that they could build a cancer centre on the island. In support of the victims of the 2010 Madeira flood, Ronaldo pledged to play in a charity match in Madeira between Primeira Liga club Porto and players from Madeiran-based clubs Martimo and Nacional.
In 2012, Ronaldo and his agent paid for specialist treatment for a nine-year-old Canarian boy with apparently terminal cancer. In December 2012, Ronaldo joined FIFA’s “11 for Health” programme to raise awareness amongst kids of how to steer clear of conditions including drug addiction, HIV, malaria and obesity. In January 2013, Ronaldo became Save the Children‘s new Global Artist Ambassador, in which he hopes to help fight child hunger and obesity. In March, Ronaldo agreed to be the ambassador for The Mangrove Care Forum in Indonesia, an organisation aiming to raise awareness of mangrove conservation.
Ronaldo was named the world’s most charitable sportsperson in 2015 after donating 5 million to the relief effort after the earthquake in Nepal which killed over 8,000 people. In June 2016, Ronaldo donated the entirety of his 600,000 Champions League bonus after Real Madrid won the 2015-16 UEFA Champions League. In August 2016, Ronaldo launched CR7Selfie, a selfie app for charity to help Save the Children that lets participants take a selfie with him in one of several different outfits and poses. In the app, fans can select from among 68 photos of Ronaldo in different outfits and poses, and scroll through 39 filters to apply to their selfies.
In July 2017, Ronaldo was charged with fraudulently evading almost 15 million in tax between 2011 and 2014, a claim he denied at the time. In June 2018, Ronaldo was given a two-year suspended jail sentence and fined 18.8 million, later reduced to 16.8 million after reaching a deal with Spanish authorities. The sentence can be served under probation, without any jail time, so long as he does not re-offend.
Ronaldo and another man were investigated by the British Crown Prosecution Service after a 2005 rape allegation was brought forward by two women. Within days, the two women withdrew their allegation and Scotland Yard later issued a statement declaring there was not enough evidence for a prosecution. In April 2017, it was reported that Ronaldo was being investigated for a rape allegation by the Las Vegas Police Department originating in 2009. Documents, confirmed by Ronaldo’s lawyers, state that Ronaldo paid a woman US$375,000 in a non-disclosure settlement. Ronaldo and his lawyers issued a lengthy statement denying all accusations, describing them as an “intentional defamation campaign” with parts significantly “altered and/or completely fabricated”, a claim which Der Spiegel categorically denied. In July 2019, Las Vegas prosecutors said they would not charge Ronaldo over allegations of rape; the statement added: “Based upon a review of information at this time, the allegations of sexual assault against Cristiano Ronaldo cannot be proven beyond a reasonable doubt.”
- As of match played 12 January 2020
Appearances and goals by club, season and competitionClubSeasonLeagueCup[a]League CupEurope[b]Other[c]TotalDivisionAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsAppsGoalsSporting CP B2002-03Segunda Diviso2020Sporting CP2002-03Primeira Liga253323[d]000315Manchester United2003-04Premier League294521050004062004-05Premier League335742080005092005-06Premier League339204281[e]47122006-07Premier League3417731011353232007-08Premier League343133001181[f]049422008-09Premier League331821421242[g]15326Total196842613124551631292118Real Madrid2009-10La Liga2926006735332010-11La Liga3440[h]8712654532011-12La Liga38465310102[i]155602012-13La Liga34347712122[i]255552013-14La Liga303163111747512014-15La Liga35482112105[j]254612015-16La Liga363500121648512016-17La Liga29252113122[g]446422017-18La Liga27260013154[k]34444Total29231130221011051512438450Juventus2018-19Serie A312120961[l]143282019-20Serie A161400621[l]02316Total473520158216644Career total56243361371241741292014829617
- ^ Includes the Taa de Portugal, FA Cup, Copa del Rey, and Coppa Italia
- ^ All appearance(s) in UEFA Champions League, unless where noted.
- ^ Includes the FA Community Shield, Supercoppa Italiana, Supertaa Cndido de Oliveira, UEFA Super Cup, and FIFA Club World Cup
- ^ One appearance in UEFA Champions League, two appearances in UEFA Cup
- ^ Goal scored in the third qualifying round against Debreceni VSC
- ^ Appearance in FA Community Shield
- ^ a b All appearances in FIFA Club World Cup
- ^ Does not include one goal scored on 18 September 2010 against Real Sociedad. Marca, which awards the Pichichi Trophy, attribute it to Ronaldo, while La Liga and UEFA attribute it to Pepe.
- ^ a b All appearances in Supercopa de Espaa
- ^ One appearance and two goals in UEFA Super Cup, two appearances in Supercopa de Espaa, two appearances in FIFA Club World Cup
- ^ One appearance in UEFA Super Cup, one appearance and one goal in Supercopa de Espaa, two appearances and two goals in FIFA Club World Cup
- ^ a b Appearance in Supercoppa Italiana
For a comprehensive listing of international goals scored by Cristiano Ronaldo, see List of international goals scored by Cristiano Ronaldo.
Honours and achievements
- Premier League: 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09
- FA Cup: 2003-04
- Football League Cup: 2005-06, 2008-09
- FA Community Shield: 2007
- UEFA Champions League: 2007-08
- FIFA Club World Cup: 2008
- La Liga: 2011-12, 2016-17
- Copa del Rey: 2010-11, 2013-14
- Supercopa de Espaa: 2012, 2017
- UEFA Champions League: 2013-14, 2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18
- UEFA Super Cup: 2014, 2017
- FIFA Club World Cup: 2014, 2016, 2017
- FIFA Ballon d’Or/Ballon d’Or: 2008, 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017
- FIFA World Player of the Year: 2008
- FIFPro World Player of the Year: 2008
- The Best FIFA Men’s Player: 2016, 2017
- UEFA Best Player in Europe Award: 2014, 2016, 2017
- UEFA Club Footballer of the Year: 2007-08
- UEFA Club Forward of the Year: 2007-08
- FIFPro Special Young Player of the Year: 2003-04, 2004-05
- PFA Portuguese Player of the Year: 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
- European Golden Shoe: 2007-08, 2010-11, 2013-14, 2014-15
- FIFA Pusks Award: 2009
- FIFA FIFPro World11: 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
- UEFA Team of the Year: 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018
- UEFA Champions League Squad of the Season: 2013-14, 2014-15, 2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18, 2018-19
- UEFA European Championship Team of the Tournament: 2004, 2012, 2016
- UEFA European Championship Silver Boot: 2016
- UEFA Ultimate Team of the Year (published 2017)
- UEFA Nations League Finals Team of the Tournament: 2019
- FIFA World Cup Dream Team: 2018
- FIFA Club World Cup Golden Ball: 2016
- FIFA Club World Cup Silver Ball: 2008,2014, 2017
- PFA Young Player of the Year: 2006-07
- PFA Players’ Player of the Year: 2006-07,2007-08
- Premier League Player of the Season: 2006-07, 2007-08
- FWA Footballer of the Year: 2006-07, 2007-08
- PFA Premier League Team of the Year: 2005-06,2006-07,2007-08,2008-09
- Premier League Golden Boot: 2007-08
- La Liga Best Player: 2013-14
- La Liga Best Forward: 2013-14
- La Liga Most Valuable Player: 2012-13
- La Liga Team of the Season: 2013-14,2014-15,2015-16
- UEFA La Liga Team of The Season: 2015-16, 2016-17
- BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year: 2014
- Serie A Most Valuable Player: 2018-19
- Serie A Footballer of the Year: 2019
- Serie A Team of the Year: 2018-19