Joseph Edward Root (born 30 December 1990) is an English international cricketer , who is the current captain of the England Test team. He also represents Yorkshire domestically. He was originally a right-handed opening batsman and occasional off-spinner, with a similar playing style to former England captain Michael Vaughan. However, he has played the majority of his cricket for England in the middle order. He fields predominantly at second slip or gully. On 6 August 2015, Root became top ranked Test batsmen in the world for the first time aged 24. On 10 August 2015, he reached a Test batting rating of 917, his career high rating.
He made his debut for England in the 2012 Test series in India and made his ODI and Twenty20 International debuts on the same tour, before scoring his maiden Test century at his home ground of Headingley the following spring against New Zealand. He is currently the No. 3 ranked batsman in Test cricket on the ICC Player Rankings, No. 6 in the ODI rankings and No. 7 in the T20Is rankings.
Root made his Yorkshire Second Team debut on 18 July 2007, against Derbyshire at Abbeydale Park. He scored 57, putting on 133 for the first wicket with Adam Lyth. He continued to represent the Academy side and was named Player of the Tournament as Yorkshire’s Academy won the ProARCH trophy in Abu Dhabi.
After success at second team level, Root was given an opportunity in the first team in Yorkshire’s final Pro40 match of the season at Headingley, against Essex. Root scored 63 and was top-scorer in Yorkshire’s 187-7. Although his half-century could not inspire Yorkshire to victory, Root described his debut as a “dream come true”.
Root was selected for the Under 19 Cricket World Cup, in New Zealand, making an unbeaten 70 in a victory against Hong Kong as England progressed to the quarter finals before being eliminated by the West Indies. Later that winter, he was sent to the Darren Lehmann Academy in Adelaide, South Australia, to fine tune his game.
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In the fourth Test against India, Root became the 655th player to represent England at Test cricket, receiving his cap from former England all-rounder Paul Collingwood. Coming in as the number 6 batsman rather than his usual position as an opener, he scored 73 from 229 balls, top-scoring jointly with Kevin Pietersen. In the second innings he made 20 not out to help England bat out the game to secure a historic series win on Indian soil. Root finished the Test series with 93 runs.
Following the Tests, he made his Twenty20 debut in the second of a two-match series, although he was not required to bat, and following Jonny Bairstow‘s withdrawal, he was also included in the ODI squad. On his ODI debut he was not required to bat, although he bowled nine overs, collecting figures of 0-51, as England won by 9 runs. He made scores of 36 and 39 in the next two matches, before making his maiden ODI fifty in the fourth match of the series, although England lost by 5 wickets. He made 31 in the final match of the series as England won by seven wickets. Root finished the ODI series with 163 runs.
Following the successful tour of India, Root was retained in the Test squad for the 2013 Tour to New Zealand and was added to the previously announced ODI and Twenty20 squads. After being an unused batsman in the third Twenty20 game, he started the ODI series with two half-centuries, contributing 56 in the first game before top-scoring with 79 off 56 balls in the second. In doing so, he became the first batsman to start his ODI career with six consecutive scores of over 30. He followed this up by hitting 28* in the third ODI. He finished the ODI series with 163 runs.
In the first Test, Root batted at number 6. In the third Test he made 45 off 176 balls before being bowled by Tim Southee then made 29 in the second innings. The Test series ended 0-0 and Root finished the series with 88 runs.
Not long after the series in New Zealand, the Black Caps travelled to tour England. Root’s first involvement of the tour was to captain the England Lions against New Zealand in a four-day warm up match, where he scored 179 runs. After scoring 40 and 71 runs in the first Test at Lord’s, he scored his maiden Test century at his home ground of Headingley. He hit 104 runs off 167 balls and became the first Yorkshire player to score their first Test century at Headingley. He finished the series as England’s top scorer with 243 runs and helped his side to a 2-0 Test series victory. In the ODI series that followed, he made scores of 30, 28 and 33 as England lost the series 2-1.
For the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, England named Root in their squad of 15. He featured against Sri Lanka and hit 68 runs off 55 balls in England’s 7 wicket loss. Root then helped England to a 10 run victory over New Zealand by making 38 runs off 40 balls which helped them secure a place in the semi-final. In the semi-final against South Africa Root scored 48 off 71 balls to help England to a 7 wicket win and secured a place in the final.
For the 2013 Ashes series, Root was named as the opening batsman to partner captain Alastair Cook after selectors decided to drop Nick Compton from the England squad. Root was promoted to opening batsman for the first Test and made scores of 30 and 5, and whilst bowling, took his 1st Test wicket when he got Ed Cowan out in the second innings. Root started the second Test with a score of 6 which once again meant that he failed to make a score as an opener. However, in the second innings Alastair Cook did not enforce the follow on and Root made 180 before England declared. In the Australian final innings Root was responsible for taking the wickets of Usman Khawaja and Michael Clarke when both batsmen were on 50 plus scores. Root was named Man of the Match for his performance with the bat and the ball. The third Test wasn’t the best for Joe as he was out for 8 in the first innings but managed to get 13* off 57 balls in the second innings before rain brought the match to an end meaning that England retained the Ashes. England won the fourth Test and won the series. In the fifth Test Root top scored in England’s first innings as he hit 68 runs, however in England’s second innings they were chasing a score the Australians had set but Joe only managed to get 11 runs. He finished the Test series with 339 runs and 3 wickets.
Root was selected to bat at number 4 for the first T20 International. The Australian side set England 249 to win thanks to an outstanding innings of 156 runs from Aaron Finch. Root came in with England 37/3 and he managed to score 90* off 49 balls but England lost by 39 runs. In the second T20I Joe batted at number 7 but only faced 1 ball scoring 1 run before England’s innings finished. England won the match and drew the series, Root finished with 91 runs (both matches he was not out) and 1 wicket.
The third ODI was abandoned in England’s 15th over, Root had made 12 runs before being caught. In the fourth ODI Root was bowled for 0, his first golden duck in his ODI career. The 5th ODI was better for Root as he scored a quick 21 before being bowled and also took the wicket of George Bailey. England lost the series 2-1 and Root finished the series with 36 runs and 1 wicket.
Root was selected for the 2013-14 Ashes series. He was selected at number 6 for the first Test as Michael Carberry was given the opening batsman role alongside Alastair Cook. Root only managed 2 runs from 7 balls in the first innings before being caught off a Mitchell Johnson delivery. In the second innings he made a steady 26* off 86 balls before running out of partners in England’s collapse where Australia took a 1-0 series lead. The second Test in Adelaide saw Root move up the order to third batsman, filling the spot of Jonathan Trott, who had returned home due to stress related illness. He scored only 15 runs, which was the third highest number of runs scored by an England batsman in the first innings, in a disappointing collapse by the English side. However Root’s second innings showed some fight as he top scored with 87 and was unlucky not to push on to make a century. England lost this match and went 2-0 down with 3 Tests to play. Root was out controversially for 4 in the first innings of the third Test and made 19 in the second innings, England lost the match and as a result lost the Ashes. England lost the fourth Test by 8 wickets and went 4-0 down in the series. He was dropped for the fifth Test and fellow Yorkshire teammate Gary Ballance was selected. England lost the series 5-0 and Root finished the series with 192 runs.
Joe was selected to bat at number 3 for the first ODI, however he only made 3 runs before getting out from an LBW. He also took the wicket of David Warner as Australia cruised to a 6 wicket victory. England kept faith with the out of form Root and he played in the second ODI, however he only made 2 runs before Mitchell Johnson got him out via an LBW. He did contribute with ball by taking the wickets of Shaun Marsh and Michael Clarke. Root was dropped for the third and fourth ODI’s due to poor form. He was recalled for the fifth ODI and batted at number 4, he made 55 runs off 86 balls. Joe finished the series on the losing side in a 4-1 defeat. He made 60 runs and took 3 wickets in the series.
Root was selected for the Twenty20 series and in the first T20 he made 32 runs off 24 balls before being caught by Aaron Finch. In the second T20 he made 18 runs in England’s loss. Root finished the T20 series a 3-0 loser. He scored 61 runs and took 1 wicket.
Root was picked in the squad for the 2014 tour of West Indies. He was selected for the first ODI, he took the wicket of Kieran Powell before making 37 runs off 48 balls in England’s failed attempt to chase the score. In the second ODI Root took 2 wickets before hitting 23 runs off 43 balls in the successful run chase. Root batted at number 4 in the third ODI where he made his maiden ODI century hitting 107 runs off 122 balls and also taking 1 wicket in England’s 25 run win. He finished the series as a 2-1 winner and ended up with 167 runs (the highest run scorer of both teams) and 4 wickets. For this performance, Root received the Man of the Match for the third ODI and also received the Player of the Series award. Due to sustaining a broken thumb in the final ODI, Root was ruled out of the 2014 ICC World Twenty20.
During the first ODI against Sri Lanka as part of the Sri Lankan tour in 2014, Root made 45 runs and also took 1 catch in the 81 runs win. During the fourth ODI he made 43 off 68 balls in England’s loss. England lost the series 3-2 and Root finished up with 98 runs.
Following the ODI series, in the first Test Match at Lords, Root scored an unbeaten 200 off 298 balls with 16 fours and guided England to their highest Test score against Sri Lanka of 575-9d. He is the fourth youngest English batsman to score a double century. The series finished 1-0 to Sri Lanka and Root top scored for England with 259 runs.
Root scored his 4th Test century for England in the first Test Match against India at Trent Bridge. His unbeaten 154 helped England recover from 298-9 to post 496 as he and James Anderson shared a world record 10th wicket stand of 198. Although England went into the second innings with a lead, they were unable to force a result. In the second Test of the series, Root made 66 in England’s second innings but was unable to prevent a defeat. In the third match of the series, Root made a quick fire 66 in England’s second innings to help them force a result and level the series at 1-1. He hit yet another half century in the fourth Test, as England won by an innings to take a 2-1 series lead. In the final Test at the Oval, Root scored his 5th Test century scoring an unbeaten 149 to help England post a first innings score of 486 all out in reply to India’s 148 all out. Root won the Man of the Match award for his performance in that Test. This resulted in England winning the match by an innings and secured a 3-1 series win. He finished the Test series with 518 runs and 1 wicket.
Root had an indifferent time in the ODI series, after the first match was abandoned he made scores of 4 and 2 in the second and third ODI’s. However, he made 44 in the fourth game before hitting a match winning 113 in the final game of the series. The series finished 3-1 to India and Root top scored for England making 163 runs.
Now an integral part of the English set-up, Root was selected in the 2014-15 tour to Sri Lanka to play in the 7 game ODI series. He put in a match of the match performance in the 5th ODI by making an unbeaten 104 and helping to guide England to a win that kept the series alive. In the sixth match of the series Root was again one of England’s stand out performers, hitting 55. Despite this, England suffered another defeat meaning they trailed 4-2 in the series with just one game left to play. In the final game of the series, Root was again England’s top scorer, this time hitting 80 although England went on to lose the match and the series 5-2.
In the 2015 Cricket World Cup, Root scored five against Australia. 46 (out of England’s total of 123) versus New Zealand, a single against Scotland He made 121 against Sri Lanka and in doing so became the youngest English player to score a century at a World Cup. However, England again suffered a heavy defeat, this time by nine wickets.
Root was selected in the England squad for the 2015 West Indies tour. In the first Test Root continued his good run of form as he hit 83 in England’s 399 first innings total. During the second innings Root scored his 6th consecutive half-century score in Tests by posting 59 before being bowled. He also bowled 13 overs and took the wickets of Darren Bravo and key man Shivnarine Chanderpaul in the last innings as the match was drawn. In the second Test Root scored his 6th Test century (also his 1st overseas) when he smashed 182* in 229 balls to help England reach a total of 464. This also took him past 2,000 Test runs. England wrapped the match up to win the Test and take a 1-0 lead in the series. For his performance Root was awarded the Man of the Match. He finished the series with 358 runs and 3 wickets.
In the first Test against New Zealand in 2015, Root continued his impressive form for England. He scored 98 in the first innings to help England recover from a precarious position to post 389. He again contributed in the second innings, scoring 84 to help put England in a strong position. He picked up a wicket in New Zealand’s second innings as England won the match by 124 runs. In the second Test, Root was dismissed for one in the first innings and was then dismissed for a duck in the second as England lost the game, meaning the series was drawn at 1-1. He finished the Test series with 183 runs and 1 wicket.
Root was selected in a revamped ODI squad for the 5 game series. In the first ODI, Root batted at 3 and scored his 5th ODI century hitting 104 off 78 balls to help England to a record 408/9 and a 210 run win. He performed more strongly in the third ODI, scoring 54, but England lost again, this time by 3 wickets. In the fourth ODI, he made his 6th ODI century by scoring 106* off 97 to help England chase a target of 350 to win the match and level the series. During this innings he passed 2,000 ODI career runs. In the fifth ODI he scored 4 in England’s successful chase giving England a 3-2 series win. Root finished the series with 274 runs. In the only T20 match between the two sides he scored 68 as England went on to win by 56 runs.
Before the 2015 Ashes series began, Root was made England vice-captain and heir apparent to the Test captaincy role. In the first Test he made a record breaking century on the first day of the Ashes series. He scored 134 off 166 balls, helping England to a total of 430. In the second innings he hit 60 runs and took the wickets of Mitchell Johnson and Mitchell Starc before making the winning catch, all of which earned him the man of the match award. England won the Test by 169 runs. In the second Test, He took the wickets of Steve Smith and Peter Nevill in the first innings. The third Test was positive for Root as he made 63 in the first innings to give England a lead before hitting 38* from 63 balls to chase England’s target of 121 runs to win the Test. In the fourth Test, Root made three catches as Australia were all out for 60 in 18.3 overs, he then went on to make 130 (his eighth Test century) which made him the youngest ever English batsman to make three Ashes centuries and help England to a 3-1 Ashes win. After this Test, Root reached the number one position in the ICC Test batting rankings, overtaking AB de Villiers and Steve Smith. After helping England to win the series 3-2, Root was named Man of the Series. He finished the series as England’s highest run scorer making 460 runs and taking 4 wickets.
He was rested for the T20 and ODI series.
In the first Test, Root came in at number 4 and managed to score 85 off 143 balls, to help England to a total of 598/9d. In the second innings England were set 99 to win, after a shuffle in the batting order Root came in at number 3 and finished 33* off 29 balls however bad light stopped play with England needing 25 to win and the match ended as a draw. This performance elevated him from No. 3 in the ICC Player Rankings to No. 2 rising above AB de Villiers. During the second Test, Root scored 88 off 141 balls however he threw away the opportunity to convert this into a century. Root also went on to score 71 off 171 balls in the second innings and this put him up to No. 1 on the ICC Player Rankings for a second time rising above Steve Smith. This also took Joe past 3,000 Test runs. During the third Test Root made scores of 4 and 6 in England’s collapse and England succumbed to a 2-0 series loss. Root finished the series with 287 runs, England’s second highest run scorer.
Having been reinstated into the ODI squad, Root batted at number 3 in the first ODI however he was out for 0. In the second ODI he supported Alex Hales‘s century with 63 from 77 balls to help England to a 95 run win. The third ODI Joe provided 11 runs in England’s successful chase, however in the fourth ODI Root scored another half century, this time hitting 71 runs from 71 balls in England’s total of 355/5, as England went on to win the game by 84 runs. Root finished a 3-1 series winner and scored 145 runs.
Joe was not selected for the first T20I as England fielded an experimental side. However he was included in the second T20I and came in to bat at number 4 behind James Vince. Root made 20 runs off 16 balls in the narrow 3 run win. For the third T20, Root was promoted to bat at number 3 with Alex Hales being rested and James Vince opening. Joe scored 32 runs off 22 balls to help England to a total of 154/8. Pakistan reached this total and took the match to a Super Over which England won. Root finished the series as a 3-0 winner and scored a total of 52 runs.
Root was selected for the England squad on the 2015-16 tour to South Africa. This would be the first time Joe would face South Africa in a Test series. In the first warm up game, against an invitational XI, he scored 26 in the first innings and 37 in the second. In the second warm up game against the South African second team, he was much more prolific scoring 117 off 125 balls helping England to a total of 414-6d.
In the first Test of the series, Root made 24 off 37 balls in the first innings before being trapped lbw to Dane Piedt. During the second innings he scored a 73 off 128 balls to help England to a total of 326 and a 241 run win, taking a lead in the series. In the second Test, Joe scored 50 and 29 in a match where both teams posted 600+ runs in the first innings. Root scored his 9th Test century, scoring 110 from 139 balls, in the third Test to help England to surpass South Africa’s total of 313. In the second innings (chasing 73) he hit the winning runs to ensure England won the series. This marks the first time since 2004-05 that a team has won a series in South Africa. In the fourth and final Test, Root scored 76 off 128 balls to help England to a score of 342 all out in reply to South Africa’s 475. He finished the series as a 2-1 winner and was England’s second highest scorer with 386 runs.
In the first ODI, Root scored 52 from 58 balls to help back up Jos Buttler‘s century on the way to England’s total of 399 (their third highest ever One Day score. In the second ODI he only made 38 before being bowled. Root backed this up with his 7th ODI century scoring 125 in a losing effort in the third ODI. During the fourth ODI, Root scored 109, his second consecutive century, in another losing effort leaving the series drawn 2-2 coming into the fifth ODI. South Africa went on to win the series 3-2. Root finished as England’s second highest scorer with 351 runs.
In the second T20 match, Root scored a quickfire 34 coming from just 18 balls in another losing effort to South Africa. England lost the T20 series 2-0.
Root was selected in the England squad for the 2016 ICC World Twenty20. He featured in the first match against the West Indies and scored 48 from 36 balls in a losing effort. In the second match against South Africa he smashed 83 off 44 balls in England’s record breaking chase of 230. Root was named man of the match for this effort. In England’s narrow victory against Afghanistan, Root made 12 runs before being run out. In the final group match against Sri Lanka he managed to make 25 and take a crucial catch in England’s 10 run win, ensuring their place in the semi final. England faced New Zealand in the semi final and were set to chase 154, Root scored 27* from 22 balls to secure a place in the final. In the final against the West Indies, Root scored 54 from 37 balls in England’s 155-9 and took the key wickets of Chris Gayle and Johnson Charles. However this wasn’t enough to secure a win. Root finished the tournament as the 3rd highest scorer with 249 runs. Joe Root became only the 3rd player after Shahid Afridi and Marlon Samuels to score a fifty and to take at least a wicket in an ICC World T20 final.
Root was selected in the England squad for the Sri Lankan tour of England. In the second Test, he scored 80 to help England to a first innings total of 498/9d and eventually secure a 9 wicket win and with it, a series win.
In the fourth match of the series, Root scored 65 as England chased down Sri Lanka’s target of 306 to win the match by six wickets. He played a crucial innings in the final match of the series, anchoring England’s innings with 93 as they set Sri Lanka 325 to win, and England won the game by 122 runs, to win the series 3-0.
In the second Test of the series against Pakistan, Root scored 254, the highest total of his Test career and the second-highest of any English player (third-highest overall) at Old Trafford. Root went on to receive the man of the match award for his performance as England levelled the series at 1-1. The third Test at Edgbaston was not as memorable, making just 3 in the first innings but then playing a resilient 62 in the second to help England to a total of 445/6 and eventually, a 141 run victory. The final Test was lost by 10 wickets and the series ended in a 2-2 draw. In the ODI series, Root made 61 in the first match as England recorded an opening victory. England won the second match, with Root scoring 89. In the third match, Root scored 85 as England broke the record for the highest ever ODI score, finishing on 444/3.
Root was rested for the ODI series against Bangladesh, but was included in the Test squad. In the first Test against Bangladesh, Root made 40 in the first innings and followed this up with just a single in Englands second innings, although they won by 21 runs. In the second Test, Root made 56 in the first innings as England built a first innings lead, but was out for just one in the second innings as England lost the game to draw the series 1-1.
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Root made 124 in Englands first innings of the first Test against India as England made 537. He was dismissed for four in the second innings as the match ended in a draw. In the second Test Root scored 53 in the first innings, before making 25 in the second, although England suffered a defeat of 248 runs. In the third Test he made 15 in Englands first innings total of 283, before making 78 in Englands second innings total of 236 as England lost by eight wickets. In the fourth Test Root made 21 in the first innings, and although he made 77 in the second innings, he could not prevent England from suffering another defeat. In the final Test of the series, Root made 88 in the first innings as England posted 477, but was out for just six in the second innings as England collapsed to lose by an innings and 75 runs.
Root made 78 in the first ODI against India as England made 350/7, although England lost by three wickets. In the second ODI he made 54 as England narrowly lost by 5 runs. Injury ruled Root out of the final ODI. Root made an unbeaten 46 in the first T20I as England won seven wickets. He made 38 in the second match as India won by five runs. In the final match of the series Root made 42 but England fell short of Indias target to lose by 75 runs to lose the series 2-1.
West Indies 2017
Root made four in Englands first ODI against the West Indies as England won the game. In the second game he made an unbeaten 90 to guide England to a four wicket victory to take a 2-0 series lead. In the final match of the series he made 101 as England posted 328 and won by 186 runs winning the series 3-0.
On 29 September 2017, during the fifth ODI of the series, Root became the third-fastest batsman, in terms of number of innings, to score 4,000 runs in ODIs (91).
Ashes series 2017-18
Root captained the English team in 2017-18 Ashes series in an unsuccessful defence of the Ashes, losing the four of the five Tests. In Brisbane England batted first and scored 302 and 195, with Root’s scores being 15 and 51. In the second Test at Adelaide Root’s scored 9 and 67 out of totals of 227 and 233. In Perth, England scored 403 and 218, Root’s scores 20 and 14, while Australia made 662/9 declared, winning the match and the series before tea on the final day. In the final match, he retired at 59 in the second innings after succumbing to gastroenteritis. He failed to convert any of his five half-centuries into centuries in the series.
Following the resignation of Alastair Cook, he was named as his replacement and the full-time Test captain on 13 February 2017 as the 80th captain of England. In his first match as the captain, on 6 July 2017, against South Africa at Lord’s Root scored his 12th Test century with an innings of 190. He was the 6th (and highest scoring) England player to score a Test century on captaincy debut. He also had an influence on county teammate Gary Ballance’s recall to the England squad.
Root led what was regarded as a comparatively weak English team to Australia for the Ashes series of 2017-2018, the urn being ceded by the conclusion of the third game of the series. Root’s decision to give Australia first use of the Adelaide pitch in the second Test was questioned by some commentators, while others acknowledged that giving his bowlers first use of the ball in this day-night match may have given his team their best chance. Perhaps a more telling criticism was that of Ian Chappell of the Australian television Channel Nine commentary team, who claimed that Root’s captaincy was too defensive, more concerned with defending runs than taking wickets. The loss of the series led to media criticism. Also, while Steve Smith and Virat Kohli both had better batting averages and top scores across ODIs and Tests after gaining captaincy roles, Root has poorer Test averages after gaining the captaincy as of 25 December 2017.