Maartje Paumen (born 19 September 1985) is a Dutch field hockey player, who plays as midfielder for Dutch club HC Den Bosch. She also played for the Netherlands national team and she was part of the Dutch squad that became World Champion at the 2006 Women’s Hockey World Cup and which won the 2007 Champions Trophy and the 2011 Champions Trophy.
At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing she won an Olympic gold medal with the Dutch national team beating China in the final 2-0. The team kept its Olympic title at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London beating the Argentinian team 2-0 in the final. She scored the second point from a penalty and this was her fourteenth goal at the Olympics, which makes her the top Olympic scorer ever. She was also the Top Scorer of the 2010 Women’s Hockey World Cup as well as the 2014 Women’s Hockey World Cup. She is openly lesbian. Paumen has been selected as FIH Player of the Year in 2011 and 2012.