Eliza Nelson, ne Eliza Mendonca, is an Indian field hockey player and a former captain of the women’s national field hockey team of India. Born in a Goan family on 27 September 1956 at Pune in the Indian state of Maharashtra, Nelson played for the Indian Railways and led the Indian national team that won the gold medal at the 9th Asian Games held at New Delhi in 1982. She was also a member of the team that secured fourth place at the Moscow 1980 Summer Olympics. She received the Arjuna Award in 1981 and the Government of India awarded her the fourth highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1983.