A part of the Agra district, Fatehpur Sikri was a once blooming capital of the Mughal Emperor Akbar till 1585, when the town was abandoned thanks to the proximity of the area to the Rajputana neighborhood and scarcity of water. The capital was moved back to Agra and therefore the town remained a town during most of the older times. The name Fatehpur Sikri was formerly referred to as Fatahabad which springs from a Persian word Fatah meaning victory. The purpose of building the town was Akbar’s intention to honor the Sufi saint Salim Chishti and therefore the entire palace complex is made round the saint’s tomb. Today the town stands together of the foremost preserved specimens of Mughal Architecture in India. Here’s the list of the simplest places to go to in Fatehpur Sikri.
Known alternatively as Mariam-uz-Zamani Palace, the place was the living quarter of the Mughal Queen Jodhabai. Jodhabai Palace was also considered to be the Emperor’s Harem where the opposite women belonging to the ladies of the royal harem. Nevertheless the building is one among the foremost important buildings within the complex due to its amazing architecture. The architecture may be a rich amalgamation of the Hindu Rajputana styles with the Islamic Mughal style thanks to Jodhabai belonging to the Hindu Rajput clans of Amer (Jaipur).
Panch Mahal consists of 5 stories which are inbuilt a pyramidal structure and are supported by a complete of 176 columns. The pillars were separated with stone carved meshes or Jaalis in older times and were probably meant for the ladies of the Zanana enclosure that’s located nearby. All the columns are made from sandstone and are intricately carved. The structure is additionally called the ‘Badgir’ or the wind catcher tower and therefore the pool ahead of the building is understood as Anoop Talav. The main purpose of this building is understood to be entertainment and was often used for various theatrical, musical and dance performances.
Diwan-i-Khas (hall of the private audience) is one among the foremost interestingly orate buildings in Fatehpur Sikri. The most exquisite things to ascertain here is that the central tower which is additionally known the Lotus Throne is exemplary of the fine detail during this stone carved mastery. The pillar supports a walkway which connects the 4 corners of the primary floor into a central circular platform meant for the emperor Akbar. The hall was meant for special people and non-secular leaders who wanted or were summoned for a personal audience with the Emperor.
The name Buland Darwaza literally means magnificent gate in Urdu and therefore the total height of the structure is 54 meters from the bottom. It was built 1601, by the Emperor Akbar to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. The architecture of the doorway is exclusive and therefore the craftsmanship is brilliant. Buland Darwaza is formed from red sandstone with carved marble and granite inlays. On the most gateways an inscription in Persian reads ‘Jesus son of Mary said, “The world may be a bridge skip it, but build no houses upon it. He, who hopes for each day, may hope for eternity; but the planet endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer for the remainder is unseen”’. The inscription is exemplary of the religious tolerance during the reign of the good Mughal Emperor.