A set of 14 massive astronomical instruments that now stand as a structure of brilliance in architecture, the Jantar Mantar Observatory in Jaipur is an attraction of its own kind. Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II so as to assist him predict his fate in upcoming wars, Jantar Mantar is presently known for its clever use of geometrical patterns in the form of instruments. Situated within the heart of the town of Jaipur, Jantar Mantar has attracted tourists from everywhere India and out of doors, and permanently reason. Here may be a list of things which will tell you why Jantar Mantar is such a wonder to watch.
The instruments in Jantar Mantar include the following-
• Chakra Yantra, the instrument that gives the position of the sun at four different times during the day.
• Dakshin Bhitti Yantra measures the altitude, meridian and zenith distances of the celestial bodies.
• Dhruva Darshak Pattika observes the location of the pole star as per the position of other celestial bodies.
Digamsha Yantra is used to calculate the timings of sunrise and sunset forecasts.
• Jai Prakash Yantra is an instrument that maps the inverted side of the sky, and lets one walk through the instrument to observe the changes.
• Kapali Yantra is used to measure the position of celestial bodies and equatorial systems.
• Laghu Samrat Yantra is a smaller version of the largest sundial instrument.
• Kranti Vritta Yantra measures the longitude and latitude of celestial entities.
• Rama Yantra is a double cylinder instrument with capability of measuring the celestial bodies and their positions and altitudes.
• Unnatasha Yantrais a metal ring which divides itself into four segments to be able to measure altitude and distance of celestial bodies.
• Shastansh Yantra is a 60-degree arc in a chamber helps measure the distance and diameter of the sun.
• City Palace of Jaipur is located right across from Jantar Mantar, along with Hawa Mahal, Albert Hall Museum, Ram Niwas Bagh, and Amber Fort etc. that can be found close by.
• Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II Museum, Johri Bazaar, Moti Dungari temple, Heritage textiles, and Nahargarh Fort are located nearby.
• Swargasuli tower, Tripolia Bazaar, Chandpol Bazaar, New Maharaja Gem Palace etc. are popular tourist spots round the area of Jantar Mantar within the main city region.
With Jaipur’s vast history, an insight into the calculative and sharp minds of the royal families are often obtained through the development and architecture. Jantar Mantar is one such example of the excellence of the rulers of Jaipur and neighbouring regions of Mewar, who paid tons of attention to detail when it came to architecture in their kingdoms.
Jantar Mantar is one among the five astronomical complexes constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh II, and therefore the one in Jaipur is that the largest and best preserved. The advanced instruments in Jantar Mantar were useful in predicting eclipses, location of stars and therefore the exact orbiting movements of the world round the sun. The Samrat Yantra aka the enormous Sundial, is that the centrepiece of the complex, referred to as the world’s tallest sundial with a height of 27 metres and a 6cm per minute speed of shadow movement.